Southern California coastal garden conditions are relatively dry (usually less than 15 inches/year) with erratic, unpredictable winter rains, the presence of salt spray, daily breezes and summertime fog, and little chance of freezing temperatures. Plant communities include coastal strand, coastal sage scrub and chaparral. The following list includes plants that can accept winds and salt spray.

 

Plant Name

 

Perennial

 

Common Name

 

 

Achillea millefolium

‘Calistoga’

‘Island Pink’

Agave shawii

Ambronia latifolia

A. maritima

A. umbellate

Artemisia pycnocephala ‘David’s Choice’

Armeria maritima var. californica

Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’

Coreopsis gigantea

C. maritima

Dudleya brittonii

D. ‘Frank Reinelt’

D. pulverulenta

D. virens ssp. hassei

Erigeron glaucus

Erigeron ‘W.R.’

Eriogonum. latifolium

Eriophyllum nevinii

‘Canyon Silver’

E. staechadifolium

Festuca rubra ‘Jughandle’

F. rubra ‘Patrick’s Point’

Fragaria chiloensis

F. chiloensis ‘Aulon’

Galvezia speciosa ‘Firecracker’

Grindelia camporum

G. stricta var. platyphylla

Iris douglasiana

Juncus patens and cultivars

Lessingia filaginifolia ‘Silver Carpet’

Leymus condensatus ‘Canyon Prince’

Lupinus arboreus

Monardella crispa

M. villosa

 

Shrubs and Trees

Artemisia californica

A. californica ‘Canyon Gray’

A. californica ‘Montara’

Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri

Baccharis pilularis and cultivars

Ceanothus gloriosus

C. gloriosus ‘Anchor Bay’

C. gloriosus ‘Heart’s Desire’

C. griseus

C. griseus ‘Louis Edmunds’

C. griseus var. horizontalis

C. griseus var. horizontalis ‘Yankee Point’

C. hearstiorum

C. maritimus

C. maritimus ‘Frosty Dawn’

C. maritimus ‘Point Sierra’

C. maritimus ‘Popcorn’

C. thyrsiflorus

C. thyrsiflorus ‘Snow Flurry’

C. thyrsiflorus var. repens ‘Taylor’s Blue’

Cercocarpus betuloides

Encelia californica

E. californica ‘El Dorado’

Eriogonum arborescens

E. cinereum

E. fasciculatum ‘Dana Point’

E. giganteum

E. grande var. rubescens

E. latifolium

Garrya elliptica

G. elliptica ‘James Roof’

Heteromeles arbutifolia

H. arbutifolia var. cerina ‘Davis Gold’

Isocoma arborea

Lavatera assurgentiflora

Lavatera ‘Purisima’

Lepechinia calycina ‘Rocky Point’

Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. asplenifolius

Myrica californica

Pinus contorta ssp. contorta

P. radiata

P. torreyana

Prunus ilicifolia var. lyonii

Rhus integrifolia

R. lentii

 

yarrow

Calistoga yarrow

Island Pink yarrow

Shaw’s agave

yellow sand-verbena

red sand-verbena

common sand-verbena

David’s Choice sagewort

sea pink

Point St. George aster

tree coreopsis

sea dahlia

Britton’s live forever

Frank Reinelt dudleya

chalk live dudleya

dudleya

seaside daisy

Wayne Roderick seaside daisy

coast buckwheat

Catalina silver lace

SBBG introduction

seaside wooly sunflower

Jughandle red fescue

Patrick’s Point red fescue

beach strawberry

Aulon beach strawberry

Firecracker bush snapdragon

giant gum-plant

gum-plant

Douglas iris

common rush

Silver Carpet California aster

Canyon Prince giant wild rye

bush lupine

curl-leaf mint

coyote mint

 

 

sagebrush

Canyon Gray sagebrush

Montara sagebrush

Brewer’s quail bush

coyote brush

California lilac

Anchor Bay California lilac

Heart’s Desire California lilac

California lilac

Louis Edmunds California lilac

Carmel creeper

Yankee Point Carmel creeper

California lilac

maritime ceanothus

Frosty Dawn ceanothus

Point Sierra ceanothus

Popcorn ceanothus

California lilac

Snow Flurry ceanothus

Taylor’s Blue ceanothus

mountain mahogany

bush sunflower

El Dorado bush sunflower

Santa Cruz Island buckwheat

ashyleaf buckwheat

Dana Point buckwheat

St. Catherine’s lace

red buckwheat

coast buckwheat

coast silk tassel

James Roof silk tassel

toyon

Davis Gold toyon

bladder pod

tree mallow

Purisima tree mallow

Rocky Point pitcher sage

fern leaf Catalina ironwood

California wax myrtle

lodge pole pine

Monterey pine

Torrey pine

Catalina cherry

lemonade berry

pink flowering sumac

 

 

 

References Bornstein, Carol, David Fross and Bart O’Brien. 2005. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press.

Brinkmann-Busi, Angelika. “Native Plants of the Palos Verdes Peninsula Suitable for Gardening Use.” http://www.sccnps.org/local-plants-suitable-for-gardening. Nice list of plants for coastal gardens.

Las Pilitas website, search for coastal sage scrub or coastal strand (if you are very close to the beach), http://www.laspilitas.com/comhabit/california_communities.html

Lowry, Judith Larner. 1997. “Native Plants for Coastal Gardens.” In Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden Occasional Publications, No. 2. Symposium Proceedings. Out of the Wild and Into the Garden II. Ed.. by Bart O’Brien, Lorrae Fuentes and Lydia Newcombe. Pp. 104-111.

Perry, Bob. 1992. Landscape Plants for Western Regions. San Dimas, CA: Land Design Publishing. “Coastal Regions” p. 20.

Perry, Bob. 1989. Trees and Shrubs for Dry California Landscapes. San Dimas, CA: Land Design Publishing. “Plants tolerant of saline soils” p. 32. “Plants tolerant of salt spray” p. 33. (includes many non-natives)

Schmidt, Marjorie G. 1980. Growing California Native Plants. Berkeley, CA: UC. Press. “Native Plants for Coastal Areas.” P. 237-8

Schumacher, Fred H. 1939. “Use of California Shrubs in the Garden Design.” in An Illustrated Manual of California Shrubs. by Howard E. McMinn. San Francisco: J.W. Stacey, Inc. pp. 649-674.